Brazilian consumption taxes

Brazil has probably the most complex indirect tax regime in the world.  There are various indirect tax regimes, including but not limited to:

  • ICMS (Imposto sobre a Circulação de Mercadorias e Prestação de Serviços de Transporte Interestadual e Intermunicipal e de Comunicação), State Sales Tax
  • IPI (Imposto sobre Produtos Industrializados), Federal VAT Tax
  • ISS (Imposto sobre Serviços), Municipal Services Tax, Municipal Tax (governed by a Federal Law)
  • COFINS, Social Contribution for Social Security Financing, Federal Tax (*)
  • PIS, Employees’ Profit Participation Program, Federal Tax (*)

(*) Under non cumulative regime.

Brazil is a Federal Republic, and each of the 26 states and the Federal District has their own legislation. This gives rise to 27 regulations on indirect state taxes, meaning varying application, administration and compliance rules in each state.  Your can read more about Brazilian VAT here.

Requirement to register for Brazilian VAT

For foreign companies making taxable supplies in Brazil, there may be a statutory obligation to register for indirect taxes.  Once registered, non-resident traders must comply with local filing rules (see below).

Typical situations requiring a Brazilian indirect tax registration include:

  • Where goods are delivered within Brazil;
  • Where goods are imported into Brazil;
  • Export of goods from Brazil; and
  • Supply of services where the place of supply is Brazil.

Brazil VAT registration threshold

There is no threshold for registration in Brazil. It is compulsory to register in Brazil if taxable supplies are made

Non-resident traders operating in Brazil

Unlike Europe and many other parts of the world, it is not possible for foreign businesses to register for indirect taxes in Brazil as a non-resident. In Brazil it is necessary for non-resident traders to form a permanent establishment in order to register for indirect taxes.

This can be in the form of either: a joint stock company; a limited liability company; or a branch. There are various requirements and obligations to set up a permanent establishment in Brazil at the Federal, State and Municipal level, depending on the type of establishment.

Latest Brazilian news

Brazil VAT reform update

Nov 21, 2019

The Brazilian Federal Revenue Service is to confirm plans to simplify the country's indirect tax regime. This includes consolidating a range of consumption taxes across federal and regional levels

Brazil to advance VAT implementation

Oct 13, 2019

Brazil is planning to forward a plan to consolidate its highly complex indirect tax regime into a single VAT. The Economic Ministry has confirmed that it plans to send an implementation bill to the

What can we expect from the Brazilian Tax Reform

February 23, 2019

With the transition of Government at the beginning of this year, much has been said about the possible tax changes that the Federal Government will propose in order to increase revenues.