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Egypt issues VAT reform plans

  • VAT
  • 11 April 2014 | Richard Asquith

Egypt issues VAT reform plans

Egypt has issued its much-anticipated plans to replace the existing General Sales Tax (GST) with a full Value Added Tax.

Economic conditions demand reform

The existing GST regime is estimated to cost the economy up to 1% of GDP because of the lack of opportunities for companies to recover GST incurred. In addition it has a narrow tax  base of just 14% of GDP compared to its nearby competitor, Turkey, which has a 20% share. This leaves the country vulnerable to erratic swings in its revenues according to its economic performance. Raising the tax take would enable Egypt to to cut its high corporate income tax of 25%, compared to Turkey’s 20%.

There had been speculation in January that Egypt VAT would be introduced at 10% or 12%.

The rates on the current GST are:

  • 10% Standard GST rate
  • 100% higher GST rate on: alcohol; tobacco
  • 45% higher GST rate on: powerful cars
  • 25% higher GST rate on: Audio visual equipment; air conditioners
  • 15% higher GST rate on: telecoms services
  • 5% reduced GST rate on: coffee; soap

Proposed Egypt VAT regime

The standard VAT rate has yet to be determined, but will be up to 12%. Exports, and a range of basic goods were be exempted. In addition, the free trade zones will not come within the VAT net. There will also be a reverse charge VAT option for imports of services. Goods will be liable to Egyptian VAT upon clearance from customs.

The new regime is based on the current OECD-adopted guidelines, which includes the basic principles of neutrality for companies administering the tax through the supply chain, including full recoverability of input VAT incurred on imports and domestic supplies.


VP Global Indirect Tax
Richard Asquith
VP Global Indirect Tax Richard Asquith
Richard Asquith is VP Global Indirect Tax at Avalara, helping businesses understand their compliance obligations as they grow globally. He is part of the European leadership team which this year won International Tax Review's Tax Technology Firm of the Year. Richard qualified as an accountant with KPMG in the UK, and went on to work in Hungary, Russia and France with EY.