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US Maryland sales tax on foreign digital services

  • Mar 19, 2021 | Richard Asquith

The US state of Maryland has imposed its sales tax on a wide range of digital services (‘digital products’ or ‘digital code’) from 14 March 2021. This includes non-resident providers and marketplaces selling to local consumers and who pass the registration thresholds.

To assess if a transaction is liable to Maryland’s sales tax, the provider must determine the exact location of the consumer – ZIP or similar – and then calculate the appropriate taxes. Contact Avalara for further free guidance on the rules, and help with any calculation automation and registration needs.

Maryland’s broad digital services sales tax scope

The scope of digital services now liable to Maryland's sales tax is very wide – essentially any services provided over the internet of similar electronic means. This may include:

  • Streaming or download media
  • Apps
  • E-learning (automated)
  • SaaS or other cloud software forms
  • Online subscription services 
  • Dating websites
  • E-newspapers or journals
  • Online database access

The Maryland legislation defines digital products as: “a product that is obtained electronically by the buyer or delivered by means other than tangible storage media through the use of technology having electronic, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities.” .

However, the law does not appear to change Maryland law in the area of software. Maryland remains one of 12 states that continues to not tax downloaded software (while taxing software on tangible media) and is one of 25 or so states that generally does not tax software provided in the cloud.

Registration threshold for sales tax

Maryland’s registration threshold for providers of electronic services is as follows:

  • $100,000 annual sales; or 
  • 200 transactions per annum

Once over either of these thresholds, economic nexus, and the obligation to charge sales tax, is triggered. This follows the 2018 South Dakota vs Wayfair Supreme Court ruling which permitted states to go beyond the existing physical nexus trigger to simply selling from out-of-state.


VP Global Indirect Tax
Richard Asquith
VP Global Indirect Tax Richard Asquith
Richard Asquith is VP Global Indirect Tax at Avalara, helping businesses understand their compliance obligations as they grow globally. He is part of the European leadership team which won International Tax Review's 2020 Tax Technology Firm of the Year. Richard trained as an accountant with KPMG in the UK, and went on to work in Hungary, Russia and France with EY.
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