Portuguese VAT rates and VAT compliance
Portuguese VAT rates
Whilst Portugal is required to implement the VAT rules of the European Union, it still sets the level of its own VAT rate. The only condition is that it is above 15%. Suppliers of goods or services VAT registered in Portugal must charge the appropriate VAT rate, and collect the tax for onward payment to the Portuguese tax authorities through a VAT filling: see Portuguese VAT returns briefing.
The current rates are:
|Rate||Type||Which goods or services|
|23%||Standard||All other taxable goods and services|
|13%||Reduced||Some foodstuffs; admission to certain cultural events; restaurant & cafe food; some agricultural supplies; wine; mineral water; diesel for agriculture; some goods and services for consumption on-board transportation|
|6%||Reduced||Some foodstuffs; water supplies; certain pharmaceutical products; medical equipment for disabled persons; children’s car seats; children’s diapers; domestic passenger transport; some books (excluding e-books); certain newspapers and periodicals; TV licence; social housing; renovation and repair of private dwellings; certain agricultural supplies; hotel accommodation; some social services; some medical and dental care; collection of domestic waste, minor repairs of bicycles; domestic care services; fruit juices; firewood; cut flowers and plants for decorative use and food production; construction work on new buildings; some legal services; some goods for consumption on-board transportation; treatment of waste water; some works of art, collectors items and antiques|
|0%||Zero||Intra-community and international passenger transport|
Portuguese VAT compliance
Foreign traders who have a non-resident VAT registration in Portugal must comply with the local rules on accounting, invoices and VAT rates. This includes:
- Preparing invoices with the disclosure details outlined in the Portuguese VAT Code.
- Electronic invoices with proper signature, authenticity and agreement by the recipient.
- Maintenance of accounts and records, which must be held for at least 8 years.
- Correct invoicing of customers for goods or services in accordance with the Portuguese time of supply VAT rules.
- Processing of credit notes and other corrections.
- Use of approved foreign currency rates.
What is the tax point for Portuguese VAT?
The tax point (time of supply) rules in Portugal determine when the VAT is due. It is then payable to the tax authorities 7 days after the VAT reporting period end (monthly or quarterly).
For most goods, it is the time of delivery or passage of title. For services, it is the completion of the service.
Latest Portuguese news
February 13, 2019
Portugal is proposing to allow VAT registered businesses an additional five days to settle their VAT liabilities.
January 25, 2019
The European Commission (EC) has proposed switching from unanimous to majority voting on EU VAT and other tax policies. The aim is to progress fiscal reforms which face immovable opposition from just a limited number of member states.
January 15, 2019
Portugal has reclassified to the 6% reduced VAT rate (5% Madeira, 4% Azores) for the following goods and services
- Czech Republic
- United Kingdom