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Do I need a VAT fiscal representative after Brexit?

  • Apr 13, 2021 | Richard Asquith

As UK left the EU VAT regime on 31 December 2020, UK and EU ecommerce sellers or B2B supply chain operators may have the obligation to appoint VAT Fiscal Representatives for their non-resident VAT returns.

However, a Brexit free trade deal with no goods tariffs or quotas was announced on 24 December 2020. This included a VAT mutual assistance Protocol providing for cooperation on outstanding tax liabilities between the UK and EU member states. As with Norway, this implies UK businesses will not require a VAT fiscal representative in some EU member states that normally mandate this e.g. France and Italy.

Poland has indicated that UK companies with a local foreign VAT registration should have already appointed a Fiscal Rep by 1 January 2021 or they will infringe local rules even on their last 2020 filings due in 2021. Bulgaria is looking for the appointment of a Fiscal Representative by the end of March 2021 for e-commerce sellers. Portugal by 31 June 2021.

UK importers into the EU Union countries will need a Customs duties and VAT indirect fiscal representative if their freight forwarder will not act as their direct representative.

UK businesses require EU Fiscal Representative after Brexit?

Following the conclusion of the EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement, UK companies now require a Fiscal Rep in the following countries:

  EU Country Fiscal Rep for UK businesses? Comments
1 Austria Yes VAT agent required with no shared liability
2 Belgium No - Subject to confirmation EU-UK Mutual Assistance Protocol removes requirement but subject to EU Parliament ratifying Agreement. Tax office has suspended the obligation.
3 Bulgaria Yes Should be in place by 15 Jan 2021 for distance sellers; 31 Mar 2021 for other sellers
4 Croatia No Suspended Fiscal Rep requirement subject to ratification of EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement
5 Cyprus No Suspended Fiscal Rep requirement subject to ratification of EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement
6 Czech Republic No  
7 Denmark Yes Expected to drop the requirement for UK businesses shortly
8 Estonia Yes  
9 Finland No EU-UK Mutual Assistance Protocol removes requirement
10 France No EU-UK Mutual Assistance Protocol removes requirement
11 Germany No VAT agent required with no shared liability
12 Greece Yes  
13 Hungary Yes Must appoint fiscal rep by 15 Jan to avoid cancelled registration
14 Ireland No  
15 Italy No EU-UK Mutual Assistance Protocol removes requirement.
16 Latvia No  
17 Lithuania Yes Companies already registered in Lithuania must appoint a Fiscal Rep by October 2021 or they will be deregistered
18 Luxembourg No May require tax office cash deposit
19 Malta No Some exceptions
20 Netherlands No For Article 23 import VAT licenses; UK distance selling
21 Poland No Has reversed its decision to require a Fiscal Rep for UK businesses.
22 Portugal Yes Deadline of 30 June 2021
23 Romania Yes UK VAT registrations have been cancelled. Businesses must no reapply for fiscal rep.
24 Slovakia No  
25 Slovenia Yes  
26 Spain No EU-UK Mutual Assistance Protocol removes requirement
27 Sweden No EU-UK Mutual Assistance Protocol removes requirement

Table updated: 25/08/2021


Countries such as the Netherlands require a Fiscal Representative for special schemes such as import VAT deferment. 

Avalara can help with a global Fiscal Rep service

Avalara offers a global Fiscal Representative service as part of its international VAT and GST registration and returns service. This helps thousands of businesses of all sizes accurately and easily manage their tax compliance obligations on a fully automated service.

Avalara can guide you when you need a Fiscal Representative, and ensure the whole process is fully co-ordinated in any country with single point-of-contact Account Manager. Contact us for details.

Do EU businesses need a UK Fiscal Representative after Brexit?

No. The UK does not require EU or non-EU resident businesses to appoint a Fiscal Representative. The one caveat is that the UK’s HMRC can impose the obligation on a business with a poor VAT compliance record. This is sometime applied on e-commerce sellers who fail to VAT register or fully declare VAT due.

Role of a Fiscal Representative

A Fiscal Representative is a special type of VAT agent for foreign businesses with a VAT registration in another country. They are responsible for the correct calculation and reporting of VAT of their client, and are the first point of call for the local tax office in the case of questions or audits.

They are usually held jointly and severally liable for any unpaid or undeclared VAT of their non-resident clients. They therefore typically charge higher fees, and often require a bank guarantee or cash deposit to protect them against any client losses.

Explore more content like this in our Brexit hub


Need help with your UK VAT compliance?



Researching UK VAT legislation is the first step to understanding your VAT compliance needs. Avalara has a range of solutions that can help your business depending on where and how you trade. 

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VP Global Indirect Tax
Richard Asquith
VP Global Indirect Tax Richard Asquith
Richard Asquith is VP Global Indirect Tax at Avalara, helping businesses understand their compliance obligations as they grow globally. He is part of the European leadership team which won International Tax Review's 2020 Tax Technology Firm of the Year. Richard trained as an accountant with KPMG in the UK, and went on to work in Hungary, Russia and France with EY.
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