Belgian VAT registration

What are the Belgian VAT registration thresholds?

There is no VAT registration threshold for non-resident companies providing taxable supplies in Belgium. However, there is a €35,000 per annum threshold for foreign companies selling goods to Belgian consumers via the internet.

Is a Belgian fiscal representative or agent required?

Since 2004, EU countries are no longer permitted to require foreign companies to appoint a VAT fiscal representative for the purposes of VAT. Companies from EU member states may register directly with the Belgian tax authorities. However, a fiscal representative, who is jointly and severally liable for VAT payment, is required for non-EU companies.

What information is required to get a Belgian VAT number and registration?

To obtain a Belgian VAT number, an application must be made using form 604a. The following supporting information is required:

  • VAT certificate to prove the business is registered for VAT elsewhere in the EU or a certificate to prove taxable status.
  • Memorandum and Articles of Association.
  • An extract from the company’s national trade register.
  • Statement of commencement of trading
  • Copy of order forms or contracts showing that the business will be doing business in Belgium.

Registration usually takes three to four weeks following the receipt of the above documents.

Where are Belgian VAT registrations submitted?

Foreign companies established in Belgium requiring a Belgian VAT number must submit their application to their local VAT office. Foreign non-resident companies should apply to following address:

Central VAT Office for Foreign Taxpayers (BCAE)
Registration Services
Rue des Palais, 48 (6th floor)
B-1030 Brussels


There will be fines for late registration if taxable supplies have already been provided. Late registration triggers a fine of EUR250 and a penalty of 10% of the VAT due (up to a limit of EUR500).

What is the format of a Belgian VAT number?

Once the registration has been approved, a Belgian VAT number will be issued. This number consists of the prefix BE followed by ten digits in the following format:

Belgian Number Format

Country Code BE
Format 1234567890
Characters 10 characters
Notes Prefix with zero ‘0’ if the customer provides a 9 digit VAT number

What next?

Upon receiving a Belgian VAT number, the business may start to provide taxable supplies. It will also be obliged to commence reporting. See our Belgian VAT ReturnsBelgian VAT compliance and other filings briefings.

Need help with your Belgian VAT compliance?

Researching Belgian VAT legislation is the first step to understanding your VAT compliance needs. Avalara has a range of solutions that can help your business depending on where and how you trade. 

Latest Belgian news

Belgium warns UK businesses to appoint Brexit Fiscal Representative

February 27, 2019

The Belgian tax authorities are contacting all UK businesses with a Belgian VAT registration and informing them that they must appoint a local Fiscal Representative as a result of the UK leaving the EU on 29 March 2019.

EU VAT and tax veto review

January 25, 2019

The European Commission (EC) has proposed switching from unanimous to majority voting on EU VAT and other tax policies.  The aim is to progress fiscal reforms which face immovable opposition from just a limited number of member states.


EU implements VAT generalised reverse charge

January 09, 2019

The EU VAT Directive has been updated from 1 January 2019 to introduce a voluntary generalised reverse charge measure on domestic transactions in member states.