Dutch VAT rates and VAT compliance
Dutch VAT rates
Netherlands, like all EU member countries, follows the EU VAT Directive on VAT compliance. However, it is still free to set its own standard (upper) VAT rate. The only proviso is that it is above 15%. Suppliers of goods or services VAT registered in Netherlands must charge the appropriate VAT rate, and collect the tax for onward payment to the Dutch tax authorities through a VAT filling: see Dutch VAT returns briefing.
The current rates are:
|Rate||Type||Which goods or services|
|21%||Standard||All other taxable goods and services|
|9%||Reduced||Foodstuffs (excluding foodstuffs for animal consumption); some soft drinks; water supplies; certain pharmaceutical products; certain medical equipment for disabled persons; domestic passenger transport (excluding air travel); intra-community and international road, rail and inland waterway passenger transport; books (excluding e-books); newspapers and periodicals; admission to cultural events and amusement parks; writers and composers; certain renovation and repair of private dwellings; certain cleaning of private households; hotel accommodation; restaurants (excluding alcoholic beverages); take away food; bars, cafes and night clubs; admission to sports events; use of sports facilities; minor repairs of bicycles; shoes and leather goods; clothing and household linen; hairdressing; cut flowers and plants for decorative use (some exclusions) and food production; some works of art, collectors items and antiques|
|0%||Zero||Taxation of gold coins; intra-community and international passenger transport by air and sea|
Dutch VAT compliance
If a foreign company is liable to account for Dutch VAT, and has obtained a VAT number, it must then comply with the local VAT rules. This covers:
- Preparing invoices with the disclosure details outlined in the Dutch VAT law.
- Electronic invoices with proper signature, authenticity and agreement by the recipient.
- Maintenance of accounts and records, which must be held for at least 7 years.
- Correct invoicing of customers for goods or services in accordance with the Dutch time of supply VAT rules.
- Processing of credit notes and other corrections.
- Use of approved foreign currency rates.
What is the tax point for Dutch VAT?
The tax point (time of supply) rules in Netherlands determine when the VAT is due. It is then payable to the tax authorities 10 days after the VAT reporting period end (monthly or quarterly).
For most goods, it is the time of delivery or passage of title. For services, it is the completion of the service.
Latest Dutch news
February 06, 2019
The Netherlands has confirmed that it will harmonise its VAT on electronic books and journals to the reduced 9% VAT rate from 1 January 2020.
January 25, 2019
The European Commission (EC) has proposed switching from unanimous to majority voting on EU VAT and other tax policies. The aim is to progress fiscal reforms which face immovable opposition from just a limited number of member states.
January 09, 2019
The EU VAT Directive has been updated from 1 January 2019 to introduce a voluntary generalised reverse charge measure on domestic transactions in member states.
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