UK and EU EORI numbers for Brexit
- Jan 1, 2021 | Richard Asquith
Businesses moving goods between the UK and EU require an Economic Operator Registration Identification (EORI) number from both the UK and EU following Brexit. EORI numbers are unique numbers businesses use to identify themselves to customs authorities report in customs declarations and similar import or export documentation.
Without a valid GB or EU EORI number, your goods will not clear through customs.
Get a UK EORI for GB goods movements
If you are importing or exporting into the UK, you will need a ‘GB’ prefixed EORI number. HMRC issued these in 2019 to all the businesses it believed would require one. GB EORI numbers are made up of:
- 'GB' prefix
- Your UK VAT number
- Usually '000' after that
If you have not already received one, contact HMRC. EU businesses may also now apply for one to cover the UK imports.
Apply for EU EORI for imports and exports
UK businesses now need an EU EORI number to import or export from the EU 27 member states. A single number for the whole of the EU may be obtained from any EU member state’s tax authority. Usually this may only be done with a non-resident VAT number application at the same time. Note, UK importers and exporters into the EU will need a customs intermediary and use their EORI number. This is because they are now non-resident within the EU Customs Union.
No-Brexit deal GB EORI numbers
The UK’s HMRC auto-enrolled 88,700 businesses with Economic Operators Registration Identification (EORI) numbers in August 2019 to reduce delays on goods clearance post Brexit.
HMRC estimates that 245,000 UK businesses trade with EU, and therefore require an EORI number after Brexit. Only approximately 145,000 have a VAT number. In 2019, HMRC said approximately 72,000 of this 145,000 have already applied for an EORI.
HMRC took the decision to automatically issue the 88,700 (the balance of the 145,000) with an EORI number to help reduce any customs delays after Brexit. This does mean that the 100,000 without VAT numbers will be missed.
Need help with your UK VAT compliance?
Researching UK VAT legislation is the first step to understanding your VAT compliance needs. Avalara has a range of solutions that can help your business depending on where and how you trade.