Estonia VAT returns
Non-resident traders with a VAT number are required to file regular Estonian VAT returns in order to report taxable transactions in Estonia and any VAT due/refund from the tax payer. If a trader has been liable to pay VAT in Estonia for more than 12 months the return must be submitted electronically using form KMD.
How often are Estonian VAT returns required
The default tax period for Estonian VAT returns is one month. The return must be submitted to the tax authority on the 20th day of the month following the tax period. Businesses are not required to submit annual VAT returns in Estonia.
What Estonian VAT can be deducted?
Companies registered in Estonia, and charging Estonian VAT, may offset the VAT output on sales with the VAT suffered on Estonian supplies (input VAT). This includes VAT charged on the import of goods. Examples of VAT deductions include:
- Taxable supplies that are subject to the Estonian standard, reduced or zero rate
- Foreign taxable supplies (that would qualify for VAT had they been purchased in Estonia)
- Certain financial services
- Certain insurance services
Examples of non-recoverable input VAT include
- Accommodation for employees (with the exception of business trips)
- Business entertainment
- Works of art, collectibles and antiques
- VAT exempt supplies
What are the deadlines for filing Estonian VAT returns?
Estonian VAT returns must be submitted to the tax authority by the 20th day of the month following the tax period.
|Type of return||Frequency||Filing deadline||Document||Format|
|VAT return||Monthly||20th day of the month after the end of the taxation period||Form KMD|
|EC listing||Monthly||20th day of the month after the end of the taxation period||Form VD|
|EC listing (correction)||Monthly||20th day of the month after the end of the taxation period||Form VDP|
|Intrastat||Monthly||14th of the following month||Intrastat Declaration||Fixed Format|
|VAT Books||Monthly||20th day of the month after the end of the taxation period||Form KMD INF||XML|
Where are Estonian VAT returns filed?
When a company is first VAT registered, it is registered with the Estonian Tax and Customs Board in Tallinn.
Estonian VAT penalties
Penalties for late Estonian returns and VAT payments are as follows:
- Failure to register for VAT (maximum penalty EUR3,200)
- Failure/delay of VAT return submission/payments (maximum penalty EUR2,000)
- Incorrect VAT return (maximum penalty EUR3,200)
- Deliberate inaccuracies (maximum penalty EUR32,000)
Interest is charged on late payment of VAT due and is currently set at 0.06% per day.
How are Estonian VAT credits recovered?
If there is a surplus of VAT inputs over outputs (more VAT incurred than charged), then a Estonian VAT credit arises. Excess input VAT can be carried forward to the next tax period or may be refunded by the tax authority within thirty days of receipt of an application.
Need help with your Estonian VAT compliance?
Researching Estonian VAT legislation is the first step to understanding your VAT compliance needs. Avalara has a range of solutions that can help your business depending on where and how you trade.
Latest Estonian news
January 25, 2019
The European Commission (EC) has proposed switching from unanimous to majority voting on EU VAT and other tax policies. The aim is to progress fiscal reforms which face immovable opposition from just a limited number of member states.
January 09, 2019
The EU VAT Directive has been updated from 1 January 2019 to introduce a voluntary generalised reverse charge measure on domestic transactions in member states.
December 28, 2018
Following agreement by EU member states to permit cutting the VAT rate on e-books and online journals to match the reduced/zero rating permitted on their paper-based equivalents, the following countries have already announced reductions...
- Czech Republic
- United Kingdom